Research and Publications


The exact science of the Rewind treatment,as for all treatments,is unknown, but attempts have been put forth to explain the mechanism by:
Changes in the integration of the memory mediated by the modulation of arousal (Dietrich,2000), and dissociation 
from the traumatic sequellae (Dietrich et al,2000). 

Bio Informational Theory (Foa et al.) 1997Treatment aimed at introducing new information incompatible with some or all of the memory structure at the root of PTSD symptoms

Classical Learning ( rooted in basic behavioural psychology)Conditioning paradigm, the Trauamtic Memory is associated with implicit and explicit cues which evoke the memory outside of the conscious control of the suffferer. 

Dual Representational Theory (Cognitive) Brewin , Dagleish, Joseph 1968Traumatic memeories are held in two separate forms,explicit verbally accessible memories and implicit situationally accessibe memories 

Temporal Dynamics Model of Emotional Memory Processing (Diamond , Campbell, Park et al (2007) based on animal studies.

Most recent thinking, based on neuronal research, suggests the mechanism of the intervention may be explained in terms of memory restructuring through the mechanism of reconsolidation Riccio,D.C., Millin,P.M. & Bogart,A.R. (2006). 


Author of self-help book for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder – “The Trauma Trap” – published by Doubleday, 1991.,New edition 2014 as an ebook available on Amazon. 

Contributor  to “Brief Treatments for the Traumatized” a Project of the Green Cross Foundation 

- British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1991, 30,91-92.  “A new technique (the Rewind) for treating Post traumatic Stress Disorder”, 1991.

Treating Traumatic Memories in Rwanda with the Rewind Technique: two week follow up after a single group session.”“Traumatology”

Muss’ Rewind treatment for trauma: Description and preliminary evidence. ArticleinJournal of Mental Health · October 2018 

Developer of free app PTSD STOPS HERE !