Rewind Therapy

Research and Publications

Rewind for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Randomised Controlled Trial  Depression and Anxiety, vol. 2023, Article ID 6279649, November 2023

Laurence Astill Wright,1,2Kali Barawi,1Neil Kitchiner,1Danielle Kitney,1Catrin Lewis,1Alice Roberts,1Neil P. Roberts,1,3Natalie Simon,1Cono Ariti,4Ian Nussey,5David Muss,6and Jonathan I. Bisson1.  

The Effectiveness of the Rewind Technique in Treating PTSD Symptoms of Intrusiveness and Avoidance in Violence Survivors
Vol 11, No 3 (2023) Mediterran Journal of Clinical Psychology

Anna Maria Meneghini, Sergio Poletti, Sofia Morandini, David Muss

Author of self-help book for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder – “The Trauma Trap” – published by Doubleday, 1991.,

British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1991, 30,91-92.  “A new technique (the Rewind) for treating Post traumatic Stress Disorder”, 1991.

Contributor  to “Brief Treatments for the Traumatized” a Project of the Green Cross Foundation,  2002
Edited by Prof. Charles Figley

Treating Traumatic Memories in Rwanda with the Rewind Technique: two week follow up after a single group session.”“Traumatology” 2011

Muss’ Rewind treatment for trauma: Description and preliminary evidenceArticleinJournal of Mental Health
October 2018

The reconsolidation using rewind study (RETURN): trial protocol

Jan 2021

Muss Rewind Therapy to alleviate symptoms related to some form of traumatic experience: A thematic analysis of participants' experiences and their perceived effectiveness of MRT

Rewind Technique for Trauma in Frontline Staff: Experiences of a Nurse, a Paramedic and a Firefighter. A Qualitative Study.   Research Gate
  • May 2023
Authors: Lyanne Pudney


The exact science of the Rewind treatment,as for all treatments,is unknown, but attempts have been put forth to explain the mechanism by:
Changes in the integration of the memory mediated by the modulation of arousal (Dietrich,2000), and dissociation from the traumatic sequellae (Dietrich et al,2000). 

Bio Informational Theory (Foa et al.) 1997Treatment aimed at introducing new information incompatible with some or all of the memory structure at the root of PTSD symptoms

Classical Learning ( rooted in basic behavioural psychology)Conditioning paradigm, the Trauamtic Memory is associated with implicit and explicit cues which evoke the memory outside of the conscious control of the suffferer. 

Dual Representational Theory (Cognitive) Brewin , Dagleish, Joseph 1968Traumatic memeories are held in two separate forms,explicit verbally accessible memories and implicit situationally accessibe memories 

Temporal Dynamics Model of Emotional Memory Processing (Diamond , Campbell, Park et al (2007) based on animal studies.

Most recent thinking, based on neuronal research, suggests the mechanism of the intervention may be explained in terms of memory restructuring through the mechanism of reconsolidation Riccio,D.C., Millin,P.M. & Bogart,A.R. (2006).

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